Eleven Early Warning Signs of Type ll Diabetes
Diabetes is a condition in which the body develops resistance to the insulin produced by the pancreas. In response, the pancreas attempts to produce more and more insulin but is eventually no able to keep up with the increased demand. The buildup of glucose in the blood can then lead to the following symptoms:
1. Increased Urination and Frequent Thirst
Increased urination, both in frequency and output, is often one of the first symptoms of Diabetes and can lead to dehydration and a decrease in immune function. This can result in variety of illnesses as well as a decrease in kidney function. As urination output increases, the body signals by an unquenchable thirst that the lost fluids need to be replaced. Dry Mouth may also be a side effect of high blood sugar levels. Symptoms of Dry Mouth include a tacky mouth feel with a rough, dry tongue, difficulty in swallowing due to decreased saliva, and rough, chapped lips.
2. Dry Skin
As diabetes restricts blood flow, the sweat glands may begin to function improperly leading to dry, itchy skin.
3. Discolored Skin Patches
Patches of dark, velvety skin may develop on the knees and elbows, on the back of the neck, in the armpits, and in any folds of the skin. This is caused by the body producing high levels of the hormone which regulates glucose in the blood. Because the body of a diabetic has developed a resistance to this hormone, it tends to develop to a high level causing skin cells to overproduce, creating the patches of dark skin.
4. Numbness (Diabetic Nephropathy)
As blood sugar levels increase, blood vessels become restricted in the hands and feet leading to nerve damage causing a tingling sensation. This is frequently one of the first signs of diabetes. As the condition worsens, the tingling progresses into chronic pain and numbness.
5. Weight Loss leading to Increased Appetite
Because the body can’t burn glucose properly due to the onset of Diabetes, it may begin to use its fat stores and muscle leading to a sudden weight loss. Along with this may come an increase in appetite. Because your body is diabetic, you may eat without experiencing a sensation of fullness.
6. Vision Problems (Diabetic Retinopathy)
The rise in glucose levels can lead to damaged blood vessels in the eye promoting the restriction of fluid levels in the eyes. In addition, the body dilutes the blood by pulling liquid from the tissues, one of them being the lens of the eye resulting in blurry vision. This may result in glaucoma or damage to the retinal nerve.
7. Unexplained Fatigue
Wide swings in the body’s blood sugar levels due to Diabetes can cause the sudden and disabling onset of fatigue as the flow of energy to the cells is unregulated. Diabetes can also inflame the blood vessels leading to extreme exhaustion.
8. Impaired Healing
High glucose levels restrict blood flow and weaken the immune system leading to a slower rate of healing. Due to the longer healing time required, the body is more prone to infection which can, in and of itself, make the problem worse. In the case of bladder infections, diabetics frequently aren’t aware of any pain which can result in the problem worsening to the point that there may be damage done to the kidneys (Diabetic Nephropathy). Foot infections are also common and can lead to amputation.
9. Periodontal Disease
Diabetes and periodontal disease feed off each other. Diabetes may cause the gums to become red and swollen and sometimes recede from the teeth leading to infections. The resulting infection may lead to inflammation throughout the entire body which can result in several diseases including heart disease, stroke, or kidney disease.
10. Yeast Infections
Higher than normal blood sugar levels can lead to yeast infections which get their energy from sugar.
11. Erectile Dysfunction
The incidence of erectile dysfunction is two to three times more likely in men with Diabetes. The damage that Diabetes does to blood vessels and nerves can prevent a man from being able to achieve or sustain an erection.